Democratic means representing the people, and representing the people means respecting the laws made by the Supreme Court. Only a small number remained, and around 3, were removed in the war.
They wanted to appease the government in the hopes of retaining some of their land, and they wanted to protect themselves from white harassment. The Cherokees might even have realized that advantage had it not been for the militia leader they fought under: However, Andrew Jackson sought to renew a policy of political and military action for the removal of the Indians from these lands and worked toward enacting a law for Indian removal.
But the Cherokees held out.
In the Worcester vs. In the early s, the United States government began a systematic effort to remove American Indian tribes from the southeast. At the same time, what historians would call the Cherokee Renaissance was bringing the tribe more fully into the 19th century.
He came to believe and was the first president to so claim, that his power came from the people, that he was elected by the people, to serve the people's interests and not the servant of the Congress, as the Congress and previous presidents seemed to believe.
They started a newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix. Andrew Jackson was a spirited defender of the federal authority,but at other times he sided with the states. The state governments did little to discourage them, ignoring federal treaties and even abetting the taking of Indian land through bribery, fraud and coercion.
The Seminoles and other tribes did not leave peacefully, as they resisted the removal along with fugitive slaves. This scheme forced the national government to pass the Indian Removal Act on May 28,in which President Jackson agreed to divide the United States territory west of the Mississippi into districts for tribes to replace the land from which they were removed.
Georgiathe court held, in an opinion written by Chief Justice Marshall, that individual states had no authority in American Indian affairs. The march at gunpoint—during which 4, Cherokee died from starvation, disease and the cold—became known as the Trail of Tears.
The Seminole resisted all efforts to relocate. They developed their own constitution, built roads and churches, developed a successful educational system, and owned slaves. By then, the rift between Ross and Major Ridge was widening: Giving the federal government power to deal with Indian tribes rather than the states did not do the Indians any good.
John Ross teamed up with Major Ridge to protect Cherokee holdings. This act affected not only the southeastern nations, but many others further north. They had never signed a removal treaty.
For the improvements in the country where you now live, and for all the stock which you cannot take with you, your Father will pay you a fair price Removal would save Indian people from the depredations of whites, and would resettle them in an area where they could govern themselves in peace.
So he wrote an urgent note to the local U. After years of trading land for peace, the council in passed a resolution vowing never to cede a single acre more. The leaders of this group were not the recognized leaders of the Cherokee nation, and over 15, Cherokees -- led by Chief John Ross -- signed a petition in protest.
The Second Seminole War lasted from to and resulted in the government allowing them to remain in the south Florida swamplands.
But the southeastern nations resisted, and Jackson forced them to leave. The Senecas asserted that they had been defrauded, and sued for redress in the U. The Cherokee were the last to go, being forced to leave most of their possessions behind, including their livestock.
This was a period of voluntary Indian migration, however, and only a small number of Creeks, Cherokee and Choctaws actually moved to the new lands. Jackson entered the White House with an uncertain policy agenda beyond a vague craving for "reform" (or revenge) and a determination to settle relationships between the states and the Indian tribes within their borders.
On these two matters he moved quickly and decisively. Chapter STUDY. PLAY.
All of the following characterized the United States by the time of Andrew Jackson's election EXCEPT. a dynamic economy absent of panics or depressions.
President Jackson's policy toward Indians could best be described as one of. removal to lands west of the Mississippi. To what extent were United States policies towards the Native American justified? American Policy Towards Native Americans. Under Presidents Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, federal agents again used threats, bribes and liquor to secure Indian consent to one sided treaties.
Andrew Jackson: Domestic Affairs. Jackson entered the White House with an uncertain policy agenda beyond a vague craving for "reform" (or revenge) and a determination to settle relationships between the states and the Indian tribes within their borders. Tennessee Donelson, refused to associate with Mrs.
Eaton, and Emily's husband. Andrew Jackson treated women with inequality compared to men. Hekicked the Native Americans out of the United States and formed anally with the Cherokee Chief. The Indian Removal policy of President Andrew Jackson was prompted by the desire of white settlers in the South to expand into lands belonging to five Indian tribes.
After Jackson succeeded in pushing the Indian Removal Act through Congress inthe U.S. government spent nearly 30 years forcing Indians to move westward, beyond the Mississippi River.Andrew jacksons policies towards the indians