Essays on the coinage of alexander the great

Bellinger published a work detailing the Alexander drachms of Asia Minor. As he did not separate the commencement of the gold minting from that of the silver, he dated both to In Newell's system, relying on the objective evidence of the obverse die links, it was apparent that they had a similar function in the Alexander coinage.

The first is the absence of Philip's silver in hoards from Asia Minor, already discussed in connection with Cou- sinery. This paper was originally written for a graduate seminar entitled "Value and Exchange," given by Professor R. But his work has been the basis for all advancement in the field, and will continue to be the foundation of future study.

His opinion cannot be taken as proof. These would have been the years and But it is not enough to say that this arrangement is fallible. Lange believes that the Heracles head was a portrait and was recognized as such, at the time as well as later, but he will not say that every tetradrachm bears a true portrait, and the numismatic part of his article is clearly the least successful.

I can see no reason for this but sentiment. Therefore since the two types are decidedly distinct, the style of Heracles cannot be used in argument against the lower dating system.

Only the bell-covers present on perhaps a few early Macedonian tetradrachms, she argues, are evidence of this eastern influence with no precedent in Greece. A user who knew both Athena Promachus and Athena Ilias must conclude that Alexander's type referred to the former and not to the latter.

Therefore, because of the stylis, he dated the coinage to after the Battle of Tyre where Alexander did in fact use ships. But there are small differences which are useful for a more exact placing of the issues in their respective mints.

Instead of a ratio of 7 Aeginetan drachmae to 10 Attic drachmae, it was now 7. For the gold, obverse: Such coins were not only minted during Alexander's lifetime but their issue was continued in the two decades following his death by the Macedonian generals who divided the empire between them and created the Hellenistic kingdoms.

It merely indicates that the hoard contained a large number of late lifetime and early posthumous Alexanders. Because the figures of Zeus of the earliest Alexander coins of Tarsus and the earliest of Amphipolis are so similar, Kleiner argues that the Baal minted by Mazaeus was the prototype for the Zeus at the same mint for coins issued by Alexander, and from them the Zeus of Amphipolis was derived.

Since Philip's lifetime coins were most likely only minted in Macedonia, the earliest Alexanders, group A, must have also been minted there. Nike has a long and interesting career on ancient coins, but none of her previous appearances has any connection with Macedonia.

Troxell follows Newell with regard to most of the aspects of the Macedonian issues, with one major exception. Its acceptance means either that Alexander struck no gold in the first years of his reign or that he continued to issue the types of his father PLATE I, 1 — 3.

Any connection with the district of Bottiaea around Pella is conjecture and nothing more. She certainly would not consciously lose by the process, and the simplest way to break even was to reduce the weight of each coin a little so that the part subtracted should be metal equal to the cost of manufacture.

In any case, by Alexander's time all thought of personal connection between the king and his money had long since been forgotten. The other two are alike. Now it is true, as Kleiner says, that on later coins of Ilium the head of Athena has other forms, one of which is like that on the staters.

His second conviction is the surprising one that it was the Greek cities, grateful for their deliverance from the Persians, which selected the types and manufactured the coins. We know, from a much later period, what precautions the Athenians took to keep their weights and standards true; we know also that they were perfectly acquainted with a coin weight which was different from the commercial weight.

So the apousia then is an estimate of what would have been the difference had the coins actually been restruck. What then, is going on here.

Essays on the coinage of Alexander the Great,

After the Granicus Alexander could use Persian gold and silver, but he continued to issue his father's types "soit par respect pour sa memoire, soit a cause du credit que ces monnaies avaient acquis partout ou le nom de Philippe etait parvenu. Price asserts that no group of Philips can be placed later than the first Alexanders, and believes that the Philips must have directly preceded the first Alexanders.

Doubtless the king could take them away from him, as he could take away his cattle or his house or his wife. Noe, New York,p. Arcadian Coins Pheidias' Statue Alexander's Coins Right hand has eagle Right hand has Nike Right hand has eagle Left hand has scepter Left hand has scepter Left hand has scepter held high held low held high Right leg is in Left leg is in Right leg is in advance of left leg advance of right leg advance of left leg Himation is wrapped Himation covers left Himation is wrapped about lower limbs upper arm as well about lower limbs only only Throne has at first Throne has high back Throne has at first no back no back The inference is clear.

His theory was in fact plausible, since there are indeed some reverse marks which do repeat well-known city types. Perhaps some guidance can be provided by Cahn's synopsis of the elements which form style85 but it is a work not to be undertaken by the impatient or the faint of heart.

ESSAYS ON THE COINAGE OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT By ALFRED R. BELLINGER THE AMERICAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY NEW YORK The study of Alexander's coinage has been pursued for a long time and has interested a number of eminent numismatists.

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The Dating of the Coinage of Alexander the Great

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[Alfred R Bellinger]. The reign of Alexander the Great (– B.C.) would change the face of Europe and Asia forever (; ). As crown prince, he received the finest education in the Macedonian court under his celebrated tutor Aristotle.

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This book is a reprint of the American Numismatic Society edition. Contents: The King's Money; King's Finances; Successors and the Cities; Sequence of makomamoa.com: Alfred Raymond Bellinger. Essays on the Coinage of Alexander the Great (Numismatic Series, 11) Paperback – by Alfred R Bellinger (Author) Be the first to review this item.

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